Australia officially became a member of the
Commonwealth of Nations in 1931
under the Statute of Westminster having become independent of the
UK in 1901.
Australia is one of only six countries to have competed in all of the
Commonwealth Games held since 1930, although they did attend the 1911
Empire Games as part of an Australasian team. This impressive
international record extends to its participation in every Olympic Games
in the modern era.
At the first Games in 1930 Australia won only 8
medals against England's 61. However by the first Games of
the 21st century held
in the city of Manchester Australia's medal tally had moved
to 207, ahead of any other country and England's 165. At the
2006 Games in Melbourne the home nation won a total of 221 medals,
84 of which were gold.
Australia has hosted the Commonwealth Games four times with the
city of Melbourne
2006 completing the quartet.
The Australian Commonwealth Games Association
(ACGA) organises their participation in the Commonwealth Games
and is a separate entity to the Australian Olympic Committee.